Memorial OPC Adult Sunday School, Spring 2008
A Brief Overview of Covenant Theology
(Using as a guide - Covenants: God's Way with His People, by O. Palmer Robertson)
Part 11, May 25, 2008
The Davidic CovenantI. 2 Samuel 7:1-17
II. How does this relate to what has gone before?
- The Historical Setting:
- David is anointed (1 Samuel 16:1, 7-13) as king - chosen of the Lord.
- Saul removed as king (1 Samuel 31 & 2 Samuel 1)
- David installed as king over Judah (2 Samuel 2.1-4)
- David installed as king over all of Israel (2 Samuel 5:1-5)
- David conquers Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5.6-12)
- David subdues his enemies and is granted rest from the Lord (2 Samuel 5.17-25; 7.1)
- Israel is "secure" and "settled" in the Land
- David's Desire to Build the House of the Lord (7.2-3)
- The Lord's Response to David (7.4-17)
- Just who will build the house, and whose house will be built?
- Note the priority of GRACE - all is based upon what God has done, and shall do (vv..8-16)
- Note the eternal nature of the promise.
- But is this really a Covenant?
- Psalm 89:3-4
- Psalm 132:11-12
III. How does this relate to David himself?
Adam's position in the Garden... Created to reflect God's image; to
exercise dominion over all of God's creation on God's behalf; to do so
by multiplying, filling, and subduing; all in absolute dependence upon
- Consider the promise of One to exercise dominion over the Serpent where Adam had failed...
- Consider the calling of Abraham: one chosen from all, that all might be blessed through the one...
- Consider the promise to Abraham (Gen. 17.6) that kings would be bom from him...
the promise of a reigning scepter to be found in Judah (Gen. 49.10).
The promise that a king and a lawgiver shall come and that God will
sustain Judah's line until "Shiloh" comes.
- Consider the
provisions made in the Mosaic legislation for a king (Deut. 17.14-20).
Five qualifications are laid down for the acceptable king.
does not meet these qualifications. The people choose a king according
to the standards of the world, not according to God's standards (1 Sam.
- Consider Psalm 110:1-ff. There is one greater than David, and greater than Solomon, and greater than Rehoboam.
- There must be a new David, one greater than David who will truly meet all the qualifications of Deut. 17.
IV. How does this relate to all that follows David?
- Isaiah 11.1-10
- Jeremiah 23.5
- Zechariah 9:9-10
- Luke 1:32-34
- Matthew 28:18
- Rev. 5:8-12