I. Individual/Personal Eschatology
A. The Nature of Death
B. The Intermediate State
1. That there is one for those who die before Christ returns.
2. For unbelievers at death
a. A state of provisional torment for their souls.
b. A state of imprisonment for their bodies awaiting the resurrection unto the lake of fire.
3. For believers at death
a. A state of provisional glory for their souls.
b. A state of "sleep" for their bodies as they await the resurrection unto glory.
C. Contemporary Issues Surrounding Death for Believers
1. Burial and Cremation
2. Death and dying - suicide, euthanasia, palliative care, advanced directives, etc.
II. General/Cosmic Eschatology
A. Christ's Return and the Last Day
B. Christ's Return in Relation to the 1,000 Years of Revelation 20
1. Historic Pre-millennialism - support for and biblical critique of
2. Dispensational Pre-Millennialism - support for and biblical critique of
3. The Structure of Revelation
4. Revelation 20 Understood within the Context of Revelation and the Rest of the NT
5. Christ's Return Will be after the 1,000 Years
6. The Binding of Satan for 1,000 Years
7. The Reigning of the Saints for 1,000 Years
8. Historic Post-millennialism - support for and biblical critique of
9. A-millennialism - support for and setting forth as the most consistent biblical position
C. The Accompanying Events of Christ's Return
1. The great tribulation (Satan's little season, the man of sin)
2. Christ's return/descent from heaven to the earth
a. With all the holy angels
b. With the souls of the departed saints following
c. Accompanied by great cosmic disturbances and upheaval
d. The great shout & the last trumpet
3. The general resurrection of the dead - both the just and unjust
a. The bodies of the righteous dead are raised/glorified and reunited with their souls as they descend with Christ.
b. The bodies/souls of the righteous living are translated/glorified and "caught up" to be with the Lord in the air as He descends.
c. The bodies of the unjust dead are raised unto dishonor and reunited with their souls to stand on earth and behold Christ descending.
d. The bodies/souls of the unjust living are transformed unto dishonor as they stand on earth and behold Christ descending.
4. The General Judgment: The Righteous Judged (Matthew 25:31-46, 2 Corinthians 5:10)
5. The General Judgment: The Unrighteous Judged
a. The believer assisting in the judging of the unrighteous (1 Cor. 6:1-3)
b. The fallen angels judged & sentenced to everlasting miseries (Jude 6, Rev. 20:10)
c. The unbeliever judged (Matthew 25:31-33, 41-46; Rev. 20:11-15)
D. The Final State and Abode of the Unrighteous - the Lake of Fire
a. A punishment of loss - a dreadful separation from all that is good
b. A punishment of pain - an unspeakable suffering of all that is bad
c. Hell is Eternal: Biblical Teaching on the Duration of Punishment for the Wicked
E. The Final Abode and State of the Righteous
1. The Final Abode of the Righteous - New Heavens and a New Earth:
a. The destruction/purification/regeneration/re-birth of the heavens and earth
b. The Cosmic Theme
c. The Garden Theme
d. The Temple Theme
e. The City Theme
f. Beyond Mere Restoration
2. The Offering up of Christ's Finished Mediatorial Work to the Father (1 Corinthians 15:20-28)
3. The Final State of the Righteous - Glorious!
a. Romans 8:28-30. The "Golden Chain" - Foreknown -> Predestined -> Effectually Called -> Regenerated -> Converted -> Justified -> Adopted -> Sanctified -> Persevered -> GLORIFIED
b. Free from Sin Forever
(1.) In soul/spirit (Hebrews 12:22-ff.)
(2.) In body (1 Corinthians 15:51-57, Philippians 3:20-21, Revelation 21:4)
c. Conformed unto Christ: the True Image of God Perfectly Restored and Secured
(1.) In True Knowledge (1 Corinthians 13:8-13; known as we are known)
(2.) In True Holiness (Revelation 22:3-4; set apart for complete sanctified service)
(3.) In True Righteousness (2 Tim. 4:7-8, 2 Pet. 3:13; in secured compliance to God's will)
d. The Bride of Christ (Matthew 13:43, Revelation 19:6-9, Revelation 21:9-21)
(1.) The Bride's initial manifestation (21:9-14)
(2.) The Bride's detailed measurements (21:15-17)
(3.) The Bride's dazzling splendor (21:18-21)
(4.) The Bride's defining magnificence (21:22-23; 22:4)
e. Our Connection to Christ
2 Corinthians 3:17-18 (cf. 1 Corinthians 13:12)
2 Thessalonians 1:10
f. So What? I John 3:1-3
4. The Eternal Employments of the Righteous - Noble Service!
a. Several Passages of Interest - Matthew 25:21; Luke 19:17; Rev. 14:13; 21:24; 22:3, 5b
b. Several hints that we may be able to conclude from these passages:
(1.) Eternity will not be a place of idleness. We will still be creatures subject to time.
(2.) As the garden is restored and secured, it is fitting that there will be work and labor to carry out as well as worship. Think of the three "creation ordinances": wedlock, work, and worship. Wedlock is fulfilled in the Bridegroom/bride relationship - hence there is a continuity which continues. What of work and worship? If we are still creatures of time (which seems indisputable) then how will we relate to work and worship? What of the sabbath? What of our worship of our triune God through the God-man Jesus Christ? Will our worship not be "local" in that we will not be able to be in more than one place at a time, and the glorified God-man will be but visible in one place? There is much food for thought here...
(3.) This work is specifically spoken of as serving the Lord and reigning with the Lord.
(4.) This serving of the Lord appears to include an exercising of responsibility.
(5.) The dividing up of this responsibility appears to be based upon how we live in this world.
(6.) As our works shall follow us, and as our works are spoken of as the glory and honor of the nations, it appears that what we are by God's grace in this life, and what we have become by God's grace in this life, will be brought with us into eternity.
(7.) From this it follows that the development of our gifts in time will fit us for (further) service in eternity.
(8.) This appears to include all of our gifts, aptitudes and faculties, such as: intellectual, organizational, investigational, and relational being filled to their full capacity to be used for God's glory, the good of the body, and the good of self, for all of eternity.